Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 12

Thread: geometry of saw blade teeth

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
    Location
    northwest wisconsin
    Posts
    1,157

    Default geometry of saw blade teeth

    i have spent nearly 3 hours googling to try to find information about sharpening round saw blades, both carbon and carbide to no avail.

    im looking for tooth geometry stuff.

    could someone point me in the right direction ?

    i did find some u-tube clips showing some guys doing it with some explaination that i found useful but i would like more, including drawings.

    i want to sharpen blades with my adrian ace grinder. . .

    my tool repair business is really slowing down around here and i need to use some of my hobby stuff to help buy food and pay the dang bills until things pick up..

    any help would be greatly appricated.

    davidh

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Apr 2006
    Location
    citrus heights, ca
    Posts
    2,117

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by davidh
    i have spent nearly 3 hours googling to try to find information about sharpening round saw blades, both carbon and carbide to no avail.

    im looking for tooth geometry stuff.

    could someone point me in the right direction ?



    any help would be greatly appricated.

    davidh
    David, it has been My (limited) experiance that every blade maker has a slightly different tooth config.
    I have sharpened cheap carbon Skillsaw blades by hand with a file and it works well, if you don't let the blade get too dull.
    I guess that You are talking more along the lines of more than a blade or two though.
    Machinery's Handbook has a section on sharpening mill cutters, and a lot of the same principals would apply. If You have a copy give it a look , back clearence etc. is shown.

    On the cutters and blades that I have sharpened for myself or as a favor for friends, I just match all the existing angles as best that I can. No body has complained yet.
    I have sharpened : 7-1/4 '' through 12'' saw blades, Rotobroach cutters, holesaws and other misc stuff along with mill cutters.

    Steve

  3. #3
    Join Date
    May 2002
    Location
    Beaumont, TX
    Posts
    7,028

    Default

    Each tooth on a saw is essentially a single point cutting tool. There are just a lot of them in a row. So the basics of cutting tools apply directly to saw teeth. Each tooth must have a rake angle, back clearance, and side clearance just as a lathe tool would have.

    The front face of the tooth forms the rake angle. It is measured from a perpendicular to the line of action as it cuts. It can vary depending on the material the saw is intended to cut. Wood saws would have a larger rake and metal saws a smaller one but this is not hard and fast and you may find examples contrary to this. Most saw teeth have a combination of back and side rake: more on this below.

    Any cutting edge of point must have clearance in order to actually cut. If there is no face clearance, the edge can not penetrate the material being cut: the side lands on standard twist drills are an example of this. These lands on the sides of the drill flutes give it a zero sideways clearance so that they will not cut sideways (at least not easily).

    Saw teeth have back clearance formed by the rear face of the tooth. A problem arises here since usually the same cutter is used to cut the front of one tooth and the back of the previous one. The simplest cutter used to sharpen saws is a file, ususlly a triangular one with 60 degrees between adjacent faces. So, the back clearance on many saw teeth is relatively large. Using a triangular file, the clearance angle automatically becomes 90 degrees - (the rake angle + 60 degrees) or 30 degrees - the rake angle. Hence the most common saw tooth form that you will see. I guess this turns out to be a good thing as most saws are sharpened in this manner. However, a second sharpening operation on the tip of the tooth can reduce the clearance angle to any smaller amount desired.

    Side clearance is also needed or the saw will stick in the kerf. This can be generated in different ways. One is to offset the teeth alternatively; left, right, left, right, etc. This is done by just bending them and special tools are made for this purpose. They can also be offset in other patterns such as the wavy set where they are offset in a sine wave like pattern and ten or more teeth form one cycle of this pattern. Another way of providing side clearance is a hollow ground or tapered saw blade. This is where the cutting edge of blade is thicker than the rear or inner part for circular saws. So the cutting edge of the teeth is wider than the blade behind it and it effictively has side clearance.

    I spoke of a combination of back and side rake above. Saw teeth that have an alternate offset will often have alternating side rake also. This allows the teeth to cut sideways a bit better, which is good for allowing you to follow a curved line when cutting. Or to make adjustments to follow a straight line better. So when sharpening staggered teeth, it is desirable to change the angle of the tool for every other tooth. Or more likely, do every second tooth and then change the angle and then do the other half. This can also be done on wavy set teeth, but several teeth would be ground at each angle.

    The above is just some basic ideas. There are many, many tooth forms on saws designed for many different cutting situations. One of the most important things to do when sharpening saws is to observe the original form and duplicate it as appropriate. Also, any good shop book should have information on saw tooth form and sharpening.

    On a grinder you would probably want a cup style wheel with a 60 degree edge. But much can be done with a triangular file. Same number of strokes and same pressure on each tooth. With a little practice, angles can be set by eyeballing it. Observe the results under magnification (5X or 10X) and adjust technique accordingly.
    Last edited by Paul Alciatore; 03-08-2009 at 05:41 PM.
    Paul A.

    Make it fit.
    You can't win and there is a penalty for trying!

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jun 2005
    Location
    Almost Dallas
    Posts
    1,273

    Default

    Wood cutting saws or metal cutting saws?

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
    Location
    northwest wisconsin
    Posts
    1,157

    Default

    both if possible.

    thanks for the info so far. lots to consider.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Jul 2007
    Posts
    1,475

    Default

    I dont know what your grinder is capable of, but for wood cutting circular saws, you will probably see mostly, rip and "combination" styles with the rare crosscut. But most important, they will only be DULL; they will still have the original tooth angle, (at least on SOME of the teeth!) Something you might consider is sharpening chain saws. I will say this to a group of machinists:-most chainsaw owners HAVE NO IDEA how to properly sharpen a saw, or worse yet, WHEN it needs sharpening. The same is true of kitchen knives. Be honest now, how many of you, (us?) can hold your, (our,) hand over the candle and truthfully say "my kitchen knives are all sharp and therefor safe!" All that being said, you would have to come up with some realistic pricing to generate the business. But there is absolutely no question that the dull tools are out there. Duffy

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Feb 2006
    Location
    SW PA
    Posts
    842

    Default

    Duffy,

    Most people can't sharpen a kitchen knife because they are pieces of crap. Most are serrated, saws, which can't cut anything.

    Any that are actually edged are so soft they will MAYBE cut one slice of bread, then be dulled.

    A 50 buck knife, and a good steel with it, maybe you can slice the annual ham.

    I can say MY kitchen knives are sharp and safe. Mine are carbon steel, and good carbon steel, and the ones I use daily are some you would not use. Dexter, Russel made, and I'm down to my last dozen. 1/32 thick and bend 180 and they come back straight.

    Two of my kids love them. The other hates them because you shouldn't HAVE to clean them after every use. They SHOULDN'T rust if you use them and throw them in the sink.

    So I don't give her any more of them. She can keep chopping at stuff with blunt edged crappy cutlery.

    Carbon or steel blades, saw wise, you have to decide if you want life or cut from them. Sharper angle, better cut, shorter life between grindings.

    Carbide, what the hell, most is neutral to negative rake. A sharp tooth doesn't cut much better than other blades. Carbide cuts a more coarse chip and takes more power to turn.

    I prefer steel blades on my saws.

    Chainsaws, I will agree with Duffy, everybody grinds the hell out of the tooth and feels they got it, but if you don't grind down the gaugers and rakers you got ****.

    Anybody looks into the "Chain Saw Derbys", 2 foot log in 10 seconds will see that they have really radical grinds. Most saws would probably not take the punishment, BUT, chains can take one hell of a cut. Way more than the pussie saw you will get from HD or Lowes or Sears.

    Cheers,

    George

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Mar 2001
    Location
    Nottingham, England
    Posts
    15,232

    Default

    From watching professional saw sharpening machines work I noticed that they ground each tooth off the blade.
    By that I meant that the direction of the grinding wheel threw the burr to the outside of the blade.

    Some of the German swing grinders swap rotation of the wheel every swing so they can do it tooth by tooth, some of the ones working on the flat do every alternate tooth then swap rotation and do the other teeth.

    .
    .

    Sir John , Earl of Bligeport & Sudspumpwater. MBE [ Motor Bike Engineer ] Nottingham England.




  9. #9
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
    Location
    northwest wisconsin
    Posts
    1,157

    Default

    my "Ace" is designed to run both directions. uses a 3 or 4 inch cup wheel or diamond blade (i don;t have the diamond yet) and will sharpen up to, i believe,16" blades. plus cutting tools, anything with a straight tooth.

    really a neat 1200 lb grinder.

    they are still sold at about 22 grand plus fixtures. . . . i stole the thing. fixtures are pretty straight forward so i;ve been whittling a way at building them.

    i should take a pix of it and post it after i get more of the fixtures done.

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Apr 2006
    Location
    Northwest Missouri USA
    Posts
    928

    Default

    http://www.forrestblades.com/online_catalog.htm

    These get good reviews from woodworking mags. You can glean some info from their specs.

    http://www.foley-belsaw.com/ has large catalog of sharpening tools and supplies, maybe information.

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •