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It would be useful to connect to an engine hoist cylinder, for example, or to power a hydraulic winch that won't be heavily loaded. Just some ideas ..
If you want more information to allow you to understand hydraulics, read my crib notes:
Fluid Power Formulas
Hydraulic Pump Calculations
Horsepower Required to Drive Pump
GPM X PSI X .0007 (this is a 'ruleofthumb' calculation)
How many horsepower are needed to drive a 10 gpm pump at 1750 psi?
GPM = 10
PSI = 1750
GPM X PSI X .0007 = 10 X 1750 X .0007 = 12.25 horsepower
Pump Output Flow (in Gallons Per Minute)
RPM X Pump Displacement / 231
How much oil is produced by a 2.21 cubic inch pump operating at 1120 rpm?
RPM = 1120
Pump Displacement = 2.21 cubic inches
RPM X Pump Displacement / 231 = 1120 X 2.21 / 231 = 10.72 gpm
Pump Displacement Needed for GPM of Output Flow
231 X GPM / RPM
What displacement is needed to produce 7 gpm at 1740 rpm?
GPM = 7
RPM = 1740
231 X GPM / RPM = 231 X 7 / 1740 = 0.93 cubic inches per revolution
Cubic Inch Displacement in a Gear Pump
Disassemble the pump.
Remove the 4 bolts that hold the pump together.
Then you can remove the end plate.
Next remove the gear chamber (just the outside part) then the bearing
carrier, the gear itself, and finally the front plate.
Use calipers to measure (in inches) the length of both gear chambers L, the
bore diameter of one chamber D, and the width of one gear W.
L  D
C.I.R. Displacement = 6 x W x (2D  L) x 
2
Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations
Cylinder Blind End Area (in square inches)
PI X (Cylinder Radius) ^2
What is the area of a 6" diameter cylinder?
Diameter = 6"
Radius is 1/2 of diameter = 3"
Radius ^2 = 3" X 3" = 9"
PI X (Cylinder Radius )^2 = 3.14 X (3)^2 = 3.14 X 9 = 28.26 square inches
Cylinder Rod End Area (in square inches)
Blind End Area  Rod Area
What is the rod end area of a 6" diam. cylinder which has a 3" diam. rod?
Cylinder Blind End Area = 28.26 square inches
Rod Diameter = 2.25"
Radius is 1/2 of rod diameter = 1.125"
Radius^2 = 1.125" X 1.125" = 1.27"
PI X Radius^2 = 3.14 X 1.27 = 3.98 square inches
Blind End Area  Rod Area = 28.26  7.07 = 24.28 square inches
Cylinder Output Force (in Pounds)
Pressure (in PSI) X Cylinder Area
What is the push force of a 6" diameter cylinder operating at 2,500 PSI?
Cylinder Blind End Area = 28.26 square inches
Pressure = 2,500 psi
Pressure X Cylinder Area = 2,500 X 28.26 = 70,650 pounds (35 tons)
What is the pull force of a 6" diameter cylinder with a 2.25" diameter rod
operating at 2,500 PSI?
Cylinder Rod End Area = 24.28 square inches
Pressure = 2,500 psi
Pressure X Cylinder Area = 2,500 X 24.28 = 60,710 pounds (30 tons)
Fluid Pressure in PSI Required to Lift Load (in PSI)
Pounds of Force Needed / Cylinder Area
What pressure is needed to develop 50,000 pounds of push force from a 6"
diameter cylinder?
Pounds of Force = 50,000 pounds
Cylinder Blind End Area = 28.26 square inches
Pounds of Force Needed / Cylinder Area = 50,000 / 28.26 = 1,769.29 PSI
What pressure is needed to develop 50,000 pounds of pull force from a 6"
diameter cylinder which has a 3: diameter rod?
Pounds of Force = 50,000 pounds
Cylinder Rod End Area = 21.19 square inches
Pounds of Force Needed / Cylinder Area = 50,000 / 21.19 = 2,359.60 PSI
Cylinder Speed (in inches per second)
(231 X GPM) / (60 X Net Cylinder Area)
How fast will a 6" diameter cylinder with a 3" diameter rod extend with 15
gpm input?
GPM = 6
Net Cylinder Area = 28.26 square inches
(231 X GPM) / (60 X Net Cylinder Area) = (231 X 15) / (60 x 28.26) = 2.04
inches per second
How fast will it retract?
Net Cylinder Area = 21.19 square inches
(231 X GPM) / (60 X Net Cylinder Area) = (231 X 15) / (60 x 21.19) = 2.73
inches per second
GPM of Flow Needed for Cylinder Speed
Cylinder Area X Stroke Length in Inches / 231 X 60 / Time in seconds for one
stroke
How many GPM are needed to extend a 6" diameter cylinder 8 inches in 10 seconds?
Cylinder Area = 28.26 square inches
Stroke Length = 8 inches
Time for 1 stroke = 10 seconds
Area X Length / 231 X 60 / Time = 28.26 X 8 / 231 X 60 / 10 = 5.88 gpm
If the cylinder has a 3" diameter rod, how many gpm is needed to retract 8
inches in 10 seconds?
Cylinder Area = 21.19 square inches
Stroke Length = 8 inches
Time for 1 stroke = 10 seconds
Area X Length / 231 X 60 / Time = 21.19 X 8 / 231 X 60 / 10 = 4.40 gpm
Cylinder Blind End Output (GPM)
Blind End Area / Rod End Area X GPM In
How many GPM come out the blind end of a 6" diameter cylinder with a 3" diameter
rod when there is 15 gallons per minute put in the rod end?
Cylinder Blind End Area =28.26 square inches
Cylinder Rod End Area = 21.19 square inches
GPM Input = 15 gpm
Blind End Area / Rod End Area X GPM In = 28.26 / 21.19 * 15 = 20 gpm
Hydraulic Motor Calculations
GPM of Flow Needed for Fluid Motor Speed
Motor Displacement X Motor RPM / 231
How many GPM are needed to drive a 2.51 cubic inch motor at 1200 rpm?
Motor Displacement = 2.51 cubic inches per revolution
Motor RPM = 1200
Motor Displacement X Motor RPM / 231 = 2.51 X 1200 / 231 = 13.04 gpm
Fluid Motor Speed from GPM Input
231 X GPM / Fluid Motor Displacement
How fast will a 0.95 cubic inch motor turn with 8 gpm input?
GPM = 8
Motor Displacement = 0.95 cubic inches per revolution
231 X GPM / Fluid Motor Displacement = 231 X 8 / 0.95 = 1,945 rpm
Fluid Motor Torque from Pressure and Displacement
PSI X Motor Displacement / (2 X PI)
How much torque does a 2.25 cubic inch motor develop at 2,200 psi?
Pressure = 2,200 psi
Displacement = 2.25 cubic inches per revolution
PSI X Motor Displacement / (2 x PI) = 2,200 X 2.25 / 6.28 = 788.22 inch
pounds
Fluid Motor Torque from Horsepower and RPM
Horsepower X 63025 / RPM
How much torque is developed by a motor at 15 horsepower and 1500 rpm?
Horsepower = 15
RPM = 1500
Horsepower X 63025 / RPM = 15 X 63025 / 1500 = 630.25 inch pound
Fluid Motor Torque from GPM, PSI and RPM
GPM X PSI X 36.77 / RPM
How much torque does a motor develop at 1,250 psi, 1750 rpm, with 9 gpm input?
GPM = 9
PSI = 1,250
RPM = 1750
GPM X PSI X 36.7 / RPM = 9 X 1,250 X 36.7 / 1750 = 235.93 inch pounds second
Fluid & Piping Calculations
Velocity of Fluid through Piping
0.3208 X GPM / Internal Area
What is the velocity of 10 gpm going through a 1/2" diameter schedule 40 pipe?
GPM = 10
Internal Area = .304 (see note below)
0.3208 X GPM / Internal Area = .3208 X 10 X .304 = 10.55 feet per second
Note: The outside diameter of pipe remains the same regardless of the thickness
of the pipe. A heavy duty pipe has a thicker wall than a standard duty pipe, so
the internal diameter of the heavy duty pipe is smaller than the internal
diameter of a standard duty pipe. The wall thickness and internal diameter of
pipes can be found on readily available charts.
Hydraulic steel tubing also maintains the same outside diameter regardless of
wall thickness.
Hose sizes indicate the inside diameter of the plumbing. A 1/2" diameter hose
has an internal diameter of 0.50 inches, regardless of the hose pressure rating.
Suggested Piping Sizes
Pump suction lines should be sized so the fluid velocity is between 2 and 4
feet per second.
Oil return lines should be sized so the fluid velocity is between 10 and 15
feet per second.
Medium pressure supply lines should be sized so the fluid velocity is
between 15 and 20 feet per second.
High pressure supply lines should be sized so the fluid velocity is below 30
feet per second.
Heat Calculations
Heat Dissipation Capacity of Steel Reservoirs
0.001 X Surface Area X Difference between oil and air temperature
If the oil temperature is 140 degrees, and the air temperature is 75 degrees,
how much heat will a reservoir with 20 square feet of surface area dissipate?
Surface Area = 20 square feet
Temperature Difference = 140 degrees  75 degrees = 65 degrees
0.001 X Surface Area X Temperature Difference = 0.001 X 20 X 65 = 1.3
horsepower
Note: 1 HP = 2,544 BTU per Hour
Heating Hydraulic Fluid
1 watt will raise the temperature of 1 gallon by 1 degree F per hour
and
Horsepower X 745.7 = watts
and
Watts / 1000 = kilowatts
Pneumatic Valve Sizing
Notes:
All these pneumatic formulas assume 68 degrees F at sea level
All strokes and diameters are in inches
All times are in seconds
All pressures are PSI
Valve Sizing for Cylinder Actuation
SCFM = 0.0273 x Cylinder Diameter x Cylinder Diameter x Cylinder Stroke / Stroke
Time x ((PressurePressure Drop)+14.7) / 14.7
Cv Required = 1.024 x SCFM / (Square Root of (Pressure Drop x (PressurePressure
Drop+14.7)))
Pressure 2 (PSIG) = PressurePressure Drop
Air Flow Q (in SCFM) if Cv is Known
Valve Cv x (Square Root of (Pressure Drop x ((PSIG  Pressure Drop) + 14.7))) /
1.024
Cv if Air Flow Q (in SCFM) is Known
1.024 x Air Flow / (Square Root of (Pressure Drop x ((PSIGPressure Drop) +
14.7)))
Air Flow Q (in SCFM) to Atmosphere
SCFM to Atmosphere = Valve Cv x (Square Root of (((Primary Pressure x 0.46) +
14.7) x (Primary Pressure x 0.54))) / 1.024
Pressure Drop Max (PSIG) = Primary Pressure x 0.54
Flow Coefficient for Smooth Wall Tubing
Cv of Tubing =(42.3 x Tube I.D. x Tube I.D. x 0.7854 x (Square Root (Tube I.D. /
0.02 x Length of Tube x 12)
Conversions
To Convert Into Multiply By
Bar PSI 14.5
cc Cu. In. 0.06102
°C °F (°C x 1.8) + 32
Kg lbs. 2.205
KW HP 1.341
Liters Gallons 0.2642
mm Inches 0.03937
Nm lb.ft 0.7375
Cu. In. cc 16.39
°F °C (°F  32) / 1.8
Gallons Liters 3.785
HP KW 0.7457
Inch mm 25.4
lbs. Kg 0.4535
lb.ft. Nm 1.356
PSI Bar 0.06896
In. of HG PSI 0.4912
In. of H20 PSI 0.03613
Leave a comment:

Originally posted by MGREEN View Postv860rich,
thanks
.................................................. ..............
Perhaps another online search of the
required info that you mention would
help to answer whether or not this unit
and an appropriate cylinder could put
out 20 tons. ?
Yes, sure, this pump could generate 20 tons with a large enough cylinder. But the cylinder might need to be so large the pump's tank isn't enough to contain the needed amount of hydraulic fluid. Plus, it would probably be painfully slow to move the cylinder's ram because of low flow rate.
All is not lost though. Low pressure hydraulics can usually be used in pneumatic cylinders too. Cylinders that typically will be used with 100psi shop air can handle low pressure hydraulics. I had a toggle press that operated at rated capacity on 100psi air. By supplying 250 psi hydraulics I increased the press capacity 2.5x. You do have to use good judgement, don't put 1000psi to pneumatic equipment.
Leave a comment:

Thanks all for working out the possibilities!
But, this unit isn’t going to work out for
what I’d like to do.
Anybody want it ? it’s up for grabs.
Mike
Leave a comment:

Originally posted by Mike Burch View PostAt 1000psi a 7 1/2" diameter piston (say an 8" cylinder) would give you 20 tons of push.
The flow rate is said to be 1.2GPM.
Leave a comment:

Originally posted by Mike Burch View PostAt 1000psi a 7 1/2" diameter piston (say an 8" cylinder) would give you 20 tons of push.
The flow rate is said to be 1.2GPM.
Reservoir size matters for cooling (not a big deal with intermittent use on a press) but definitely needs to hold the volume difference between cylinder extended and retracted.
Leave a comment:

At 1000psi a 7 1/2" diameter piston (say an 8" cylinder) would give you 20 tons of push.
The flow rate is said to be 1.2GPM.
Leave a comment:

There are lots of factory type applications for units like this. I have seen units very similar to this used for hydraulic crimping tools used for crimping large electrical connections and for small dedicated assembly presses and clamping applications.
Leave a comment:

Originally posted by MGREEN View Postv860rich,
thanks
tomd,
Thanks for clarifying.
it was just a quick glance on google.
Like I said, I know so little about these
systems, that I don't know how to think
it through, nor what I need to digest.
Perhaps another online search of the
required info that you mention would
help to answer whether or not this unit
and an appropriate cylinder could put
out 20 tons. ?
tabs on left of page for specific formulae:
https://www.surpluscenter.com/TechH...rForceSpeed/
lots of reading material here too:
https://northernhydraulics.net/catal...tml#calculator
Leave a comment:

v860rich,
thanks
tomd,
Thanks for clarifying.
it was just a quick glance on google.
Like I said, I know so little about these
systems, that I don't know how to think
it through, nor what I need to digest.
Perhaps another online search of the
required info that you mention would
help to answer whether or not this unit
and an appropriate cylinder could put
out 20 tons. ?
Leave a comment:

Looks like it's designed to be foot operated. Where did you find the specs for that pump? 1000psi doesn't give all the required information. Is that its maximum pressure, or pressure at a specific rpm? What is its max rpm, pressure, and gallons per minute output at various speeds? Depending on the specs, and the diameter of the piston used in you project, this may well be perfect for your application.
Leave a comment:

Force equals area X pressure.
So if you have a cyl with a total of 4 sq inches of fluid contact and the unit puts out 1000 lbs of press, you will have 4000 lbs of force on the business end of the cyl.
THANX RICH
 1 like
Leave a comment:

Would be interesting to find out just
what this whole little unit would have been
built for in the first place ?
Mike
Leave a comment:

I'm not too savvy with hydraulic systems, so
I think that there are various factors that
would need to be worked out.
Cylinder size, piston size, pump psi etc.....
Someone with knowledge in that area
might chime in.
Leave a comment:
Leave a comment: