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On mechanics II

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  • On mechanics II

    This is a follow on the original post, but its kind of long. Originally forwarded to me from somewhere on the internet:

    > Remember when our grandparents, great-grandparents, and such stated that
    > they only had an 8th grade education? Well, check this out. Could any of us
    > have passed the 8th grade in 1895? (LOOK CLOSELY... THAT'S EIGHTEEN NINETY
    > FIVE)
    > This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 in Salina, KS, USA. It was
    > taken from the original document on file at the Smokey Valley Genealogical
    > Society and Library in Salina, KS, and reprinted by the Salina Journal.
    > 8th Grade Final Exam: Salina, KS -1895
    > ******************************** Grammar (Time, one hour)
    > 1. Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters.
    > 2. Name the Parts of Speech and define those that have no Modifications.
    > 3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph.
    > 4. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal Parts of lie, play
    > and run.
    > 5. Define Case, Illustrate each Case.
    > 6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of Punctuation.
    > 7 - 10. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you
    > understand the practical use of the rules of grammar.
    > ***************************************** Arithmetic (Time, 1.25 hours)
    > 1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.
    > 2. A wagon box is 2 ft. deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide. How many bushels
    > of wheat will it hold?
    > 3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at 50cts/bushel,
    > deducting 1050 lbs. for tare?
    > 4. District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary levy to
    > carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for
    > incidentals?
    > 5. Find cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton.
    > 6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.
    > 7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $20>per
    > metre?
    > 8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.
    > 9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance around
    > which is 640 rods?
    > 10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.
    > ******************************************** U.S. History (Time, 45 minutes)
    > 1. Give the epochs into which U.S. History is divided.
    > 2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus.
    > 3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.
    > 4. Show the territorial growth of the United States.
    > 5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas.
    > 6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion.
    > 7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln, Penn, and
    > Howe?
    > 8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849,
    > 1865.
    > ********************************************** Orthography (Time, one hour)
    > I don't even know what this is!
    > 1. What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic, orthography,
    > etymology, syllabication?
    > 2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?
    > 3. What are the following, and give examples of each: Trigraph, subvocals,
    > diphthong, cognate letters, linguals?
    > 4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u.'
    > 5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e.' Name two exceptions
    > under each rule.
    > 6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each.
    > 7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: bi, dis,
    > mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup.
    > 8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and name the
    > sign that indicates the sound: card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise,
    > blood, fare, last.
    > 9. Use the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane, fain,
    > feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.
    > 10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by
    > use of diacritical marks and by syllabication.
    > ******************************************** Geography (Time, one hour)
    > 1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?
    > 2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?
    > 3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?
    > 4. Describe the mountains of North America.
    > 5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver, Manitoba,
    > Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fernandez, Aspinwall and Orinoco.
    > 6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S.
    > 7. Name all the republics of Europe and give the capital of each.
    > 8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude?
    > 9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the
    > sources of rivers.
    > 10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give the inclination of the earth.
    > ********************************************** Also notice that the exam
    > took six hours to complete. Gives the saying "he only had an 8th grade
    > education" a whole new meaning, doesn't it?

  • #2
    Before you get too carried away over this, you might want to read:

    Regards, Marv

    Home Shop Freeware - Tools for People Who Build Things
    Regards, Marv

    Home Shop Freeware - Tools for People Who Build Things

    Location: LA, CA, USA


    • #3
      Just as an aside, My step-grandfather died a few years ago. When I went out to visit, Ma and Step-aunt asked me to take the tools and such that they don't use. It was a very strange experience looking through his stuff...I came away with a newfound respect for the WWII generation among many other cognitions.

      To the point: One of the items I chose to remember Murray by was his college Calculus text. The first thing I noted was the size, it was about 8x5 and 300 pages. As I opened it and began to study I noted that at least the first half is Cartesian coordinates and simple geometry and proofs. Simple things that were taught in my intermediate algebra class.

      Flash over to the textbook for my Calculus is over double the physical size at 1018 8 1/2 by 10 pages, and the pages are thinner than the smaller 1940's text. Cartesian coordinates are expected to be known prior to the first chapter and the proofs are algebraic. Significantly more material, and much more complexity than Murray's 1940's era text.

      I think of this everytime I hear how Ben Franklin or some other luminary self taught theirself Calculus, or Biology, or any other subject. What was considered "knowing calculus" then, may not get you through a freshman calculus course now.

      Just in the past couple years, the two part freshman biology course that I took has expanded to three parts...just to cover the increase in information volume that must be learned at the freshman level.