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15MM Tap......Drill Size

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  • #61
    I agree strongly with Danlb....
    I have found though that some people dont even want to look stuff up, and just THINK they will figure it out.

    Comment


    • #62
      Having a few basic engineering formulas in my head, like area, pressure, simple angle vectors,
      has been key to my career and the reason I have gotten the job many times, over others.
      It conveys your ability to think on your feet. I do not have to look to Google and a smart
      phone for every little thing. If you don't think remembering a few key formulas and nowing
      how to use them in your head is going to benefit you, then you will always be second place
      to those who can. The only way ignorance can prosper, is if you were born into money.

      --Doozer
      DZER

      Comment


      • #63
        Originally posted by Doozer View Post
        Having a few basic engineering formulas in my head, like area, pressure, simple angle vectors,
        has been key to my career

        --Doozer
        That is the key. Commit to memory those basic things that you need all the time. Don't try to accurately remember seldom used complex formulas that are critical to the success of your projects. Do remember which formulas are available and how to find and apply them.

        When I worked for AT&T as a switching technician they used the same concept.
        At the end of the project, there is a profound difference between spare parts and left over parts.

        Location: SF East Bay.

        Comment


        • #64
          And that is precisely what my short sequence of keystrokes for a four-banger calculator in post #26 above does. Here it is again, in even simpler form. Each line is a button press or a number that you enter:

          1
          /
          TPI
          =
          -
          MD
          =

          As I said, it will come out with a minus sign which you just ignore. It don't get any simpler than that. It uses the exact same formula as has been stated for metric threads: MD - Pitch; it just converts the TPI to a linear pitch.


          Originally posted by Lew Hartswick View Post
          What is the tap drill for a 3/8 - 16 thread? Well a 16 tpi is 1/16 of an inch pitch and 3/8" - 1/16" is 5/16 Well how about that . If you can't do that you probably shouldn't be trusted with any power tools.
          ...lew...
          Paul A.
          SE Texas

          And if you look REAL close at an analog signal,
          You will find that it has discrete steps.

          Comment


          • #65
            Using my sequence of keystrokes on a four banger:

            1
            /
            13
            =
            -
            .5
            =

            I get -0.423"

            To convert to the closest fractional size I simply multiply by 64

            X
            64
            =
            -27.076

            Which, ignoring the minus sign, means the nearest fractional drill is 27/64"

            AND

            1
            /
            28
            =
            -
            .25
            =

            And I get -0.214"

            Again ignoring the minus sign, this is in the range of number size drills so I must look it up in a table or just open my drill index and find the nearest size. Since I have to open the index anyway to drill the hole, that is the easiest way. The nearest size is a #3 which is 0.213". It doesn't get any easier than that. And it will work for any 60 degree Vee thread, standard or as non-standard as you can get.

            BTW, the calculation for a metric thread will yield a mm size that usually has at least one decimal place and often has two or even an infinite number of places. I recently used a 5mm tap. The standard 5mm thread has a 0.8 pitch so the tap drill is 5 - 0.8 = 4.2mm. I don't know about you, but my set of metric drills came in 0.5mm increments so I either have to settle for a 4mm drill, which is the closest in the set, or convert to an English size drill and break out that number-letter-fraction index of English sized drills. That was exactly what I did. A 4.2mm drill = 0.1654". The closest number drill is a #19 at 0.166" and that was what I used. More math and I had to go to the English sized drills to get a close fit. BTW, I purchased those taps in the local ACE hardware and the packages were marked with that same, exact number sized drill. Very few local hardware stores here in the US will stock even whole mm sized metric drills, much less decimal sized ones. I have to wonder if the local stores in England, France, Germany, or any other European countries stock metric drills by 0.01mm size increments.



            Originally posted by andywander View Post
            Great! Now do it for a 1/2-13 thread. or 1/4-28.....
            Paul A.
            SE Texas

            And if you look REAL close at an analog signal,
            You will find that it has discrete steps.

            Comment


            • #66
              That's not a good way to do it.



              Originally posted by RichR View Post
              Sure.
              1/2-13 becomes 1/2 - 1/13 which equals 13/26 - 2/26 which gives you 11/26.
              1/4-28 becomes 1/4 - 1/28 which equals 7/28 - 1/28 which gives you 6/28 and reduces to 3/14.
              Happy?
              Paul A.
              SE Texas

              And if you look REAL close at an analog signal,
              You will find that it has discrete steps.

              Comment


              • #67
                In my old age wisdom, I have found that there are two inexpensive things that I like to keep a number of scattered around the house and shop, in places where I am likely to need them. Calculators and reading glasses. I have at least 10 pairs of glasses and at least 6 calculators, not including the ones in my smart phone, scattered around the house. I did not pay more than $5 or $6 for any of them. The calculators are mostly the scientific models, but I do have a real basic, four banger in a location where I frequently solve problems in a puzzle magazine that I subscribe to. I like it's ability to do successive additions, subtractions, multiplications, and divisions by just pressing the equal key over and over. This is helpful when going through a string of multiples or powers. I have at least two of these calculators in the shop as I want one at each bench. As I complete the shop I will probably add more of them for additional positions. If I am working, eating, or just relaxing there is usually a pair of reading glasses and a calculator within arm's reach.



                Originally posted by andywander View Post
                My point was that the original easy-to-do-in-your-head example given, which involved only 16ths of an inch, was not representative of most of the imperial threads that would be encountered, which are more difficult to figure out than the metric ones, because you need to convert TPI to pitch. A calculator would be handy, as you point out.

                Or just use a chart......
                Paul A.
                SE Texas

                And if you look REAL close at an analog signal,
                You will find that it has discrete steps.

                Comment


                • #68
                  Originally posted by Paul Alciatore

                  BTW, the calculation for a metric thread will yield a mm size that usually has at least one decimal place and often has two or even an infinite number of places. I recently used a 5mm tap. The standard 5mm thread has a 0.8 pitch so the tap drill is 5 - 0.8 = 4.2mm. I don't know about you, but my set of metric drills came in 0.5mm increments so I either have to settle for a 4mm drill, which is the closest in the set, or convert to an English size drill and break out that number-letter-fraction index of English sized drills. That was exactly what I did. A 4.2mm drill = 0.1654". The closest number drill is a #19 at 0.166" and that was what I used. More math and I had to go to the English sized drills to get a close fit. BTW, I purchased those taps in the local ACE hardware and the packages were marked with that same, exact number sized drill. Very few local hardware stores here in the US will stock even whole mm sized metric drills, much less decimal sized ones. I have to wonder if the local stores in England, France, Germany, or any other European countries stock metric drills by 0.01mm size increments.
                  No, we dont have twist drills in 0,01mm increments, would make no sense since hole tolerance is bigger than that with all the ordinary drills.

                  Drills and drill sets with 0,1mm increments are common and available from any tooling supplier.
                  Tapping size drills you can find even in most of the diy-hardware stores.
                  The sizes you really need are 3.3mm and 4.2mm. In other sizes the nearest (over)size to 0,5mm is close enough for most of the uses. Getting a 0,3mm oversize hole for M8 bolt or bigger is usually acceptable but 3,0 or 3,5mm are poor choices for M4
                  Location: Helsinki, Finland, Europe

                  Comment


                  • #69
                    Originally posted by MattiJ View Post
                    No, we dont have twist drills in 0,01mm increments, would make no sense since hole tolerance is bigger than that with all the ordinary drills.

                    Drills and drill sets with 0,1mm increments are common and available from any tooling supplier.
                    Tapping size drills you can find even in most of the diy-hardware stores.
                    The sizes you really need are 3.3mm and 4.2mm. In other sizes the nearest (over)size to 0,5mm is close enough for most of the uses. Getting a 0,3mm oversize hole for M8 bolt or bigger is usually acceptable but 3,0 or 3,5mm are poor choices for M4
                    The usual (useful) drill index has drills from 1 to 10 mm in 0.5 mm steps, including 3.3, 4.2 and 6.8 mm drills for M4, M5 and M8 threads.

                    The usual size increments are 0.1 mm for drills between 1 to 10 mm, then 0.5 mm up to 25 and then 1 mm increments. Of course you can order whatever you want/need from a tooling supplier, but those are the "normal" increments. For drills below 1 mm the usual increment is 0.05 or 0.02 mm, but that gets to the very special category and fast.
                    Amount of experience is in direct proportion to the value of broken equipment.

                    Comment


                    • #70
                      :-) Paul , What is this = thing ? Just ;
                      diameter
                      Enter
                      TPI
                      (the one over x key)
                      - ( minus key)
                      the answer is sitting there. :-)
                      ..lew... Long live RPN

                      Comment


                      • #71
                        Originally posted by CalM View Post
                        What sort of standard is that?
                        ?? Simples Metric Fine.
                        .

                        Sir John , Earl of Bligeport & Sudspumpwater. MBE [ Motor Bike Engineer ] Nottingham England.



                        Comment


                        • #72
                          Originally posted by Paul Alciatore View Post
                          That's not a good way to do it.


                          Originally posted by RichR View Post
                          Sure.
                          1/2-13 becomes 1/2 - 1/13 which equals 13/26 - 2/26 which gives you 11/26.
                          1/4-28 becomes 1/4 - 1/28 which equals 7/28 - 1/28 which gives you 6/28 and reduces to 3/14.
                          Happy?
                          Why is that? Does converting my final fractions into decimals provide an incorrect answer? Or do you disapprove of my indulging
                          in some fractional masturbation?
                          Location: Long Island, N.Y.

                          Comment


                          • #73
                            NONE of my machines have fractional dials on them.
                            I for one are real glad we left all this behind when we adopted metric.
                            .

                            Sir John , Earl of Bligeport & Sudspumpwater. MBE [ Motor Bike Engineer ] Nottingham England.



                            Comment


                            • #74
                              Have to agree that Drill size tables look handy if you have to work with three different absurd sizing schemes: fractional inches, gauge numbered drills and letter sizes.
                              At least bolt threads are what the size implies, unlike pipe threads..
                              Location: Helsinki, Finland, Europe

                              Comment


                              • #75
                                Originally posted by John Stevenson View Post
                                NONE of my machines have fractional dials on them.
                                I for one are real glad we left all this behind when we adopted metric.
                                As I read this I realized that the advantage is not that it's metric. The advantage is that it's DECIMAL. That's the same as all of my imperial machines. My DRO does not measure the X axis in feet and inches and fractions. It measures it in inches and tenths and hundredths and thousandths and ten-thousandths of an inch.
                                At the end of the project, there is a profound difference between spare parts and left over parts.

                                Location: SF East Bay.

                                Comment

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