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  • Surface Grinder motors choice.

    Hello guys.

    I recently picked up a Stanford surface grinder. The grinder itself came with very little. No mag chuck or motor for that matter. This thing could easily become a benchtop surface grinder it is quite small. The wheel looks to be a 7" wheel.

    Now depending on reaserch this thing came with a 1/4hp motor or a 1/2 hp motor depending on who you ask.

    I have 3 motors lined up and one will become the grinder motor.

    1 - 1/4hp 1750rpm motor.

    2 - 1/2hp 3500rpm motor.

    3 - 3/4hp 3500rpm motor.

    Question is which one would be best suited? I am leaning towards the 1/4hp motor as low and slow is quite a possibility. I will be making pulleys for this grinder to go to a flat belt design over the v-belt so ratio can be played with. Should I find a 1/4hp 3500rpm motor? Suggestions are most welcome.
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  • #2
    Run em see how smooth they are.. 1/4 hp seems pretty weak..

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    • #3
      Use a 3/4 hp, 3500 rpm motor.
      Use only a 3 phase motor, much smoother.
      Belt the spindle to spin 3000 rpm for a 7" wheel.
      Use poly-vee or timing belt.

      --Doozer
      DZER

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      • #4
        The only Sanford to use 7" wheels is the Model MG. It came with a 1/2" hp, 3450rpm motor. Here is my history and identification guide to Sanford, although it is primarily about the Model SG.

        http://www.lathes.co.uk/sanford/

        Dennis

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        • #5
          I would go with at least the 1/2 HP especially if your going to run it at a 1:1 ratio to the spindle with a 7" wheel.
          You could go with a higher RPM motor and reduce the spindle R's to the normal 34 - 3600 R's. That would give you a little more power.
          I think most motors are going to be at least 3400 r's. That seems to be a standard for any motor.

          Vibration is also going to be a huge issue. A regular motor is probably going to have too much vibration resulting a crappy finish.

          JL.............

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          • #6
            As a benchmark, my Boyar Schultz 6x12 grinder had a 7 inch wheel and a 3/4hp 3450 rpm motor, 3 phase. Single phase motors cause finish problems on surface grinders. Not having 3 phase, I have a vfd on my grinder which also allows a slow start up and shut down which is nice.

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            • #7
              According to the Sanford sales brochure the later MG 612 and 618 machines came from the factory with a 3/4 hp, 3450 rpm, 115/230 volt single phase 60 cycle motor. The earlier machines came with a 1/2 hp motor with the same speed and voltage specs. They offered as options 220 or 440 volt 3 phase motors, or a direct current motor.

              My MG 612 came with the 1/2 hp 3450 rpm, 115/230 volt, single phase motor. It works fine and can easily grind a mirror image surface. I have old price quotes I found online for several of their machines. The base price in 1992 for the MG612 was $9097.00. If you add in all the options the price could easily climb to over $15,000.00. With the accessories mine had a list price of $11,546.00. I have no idea what the original owner paid for the machine.

              Here are a couple pictures of mine:



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              • #8
                So it looks like the GE 1/2HP motor is going to be the one to put in. Is a DC motor advisable in a situation like this? Is it worth the investment?

                Wow. @PROJECTNUT, that is exactly what my grinder looks like. Including the stand.
                Last edited by engineerd3d; 05-25-2017, 10:04 AM.
                12x16" Delta 3d printer (Built from scratch)
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                • #9
                  Originally posted by projectnut View Post
                  According to the Sanford sales brochure the later MG 612 and 618 machines came from the factory with a 3/4 hp, 3450 rpm, 115/230 volt single phase 60 cycle motor. The earlier machines came with a 1/2 hp motor with the same speed and voltage specs. They offered as options 220 or 440 volt 3 phase motors, or a direct current motor.

                  My MG 612 came with the 1/2 hp 3450 rpm, 115/230 volt, single phase motor. It works fine and can easily grind a mirror image surface. I have old price quotes I found online for several of their machines. The base price in 1992 for the MG612 was $9097.00. If you add in all the options the price could easily climb to over $15,000.00. With the accessories mine had a list price of $11,546.00. I have no idea what the original owner paid for the machine.

                  Here are a couple pictures of mine:



                  My KO grinder is also three phase, I run it off a VFD but I've always wondered if running a grinder off a VFD can also cause finish problems??? I do like the ability to have a soft start and fast slow down or stop.

                  JL..................

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                  • #10
                    Bear in mind, although a single phase motor was offered originally, it may well have been (more than likely) balanced better than the average motor by the factory.

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                    • #11
                      Originally posted by Sparky_NY View Post
                      Bear in mind, although a single phase motor was offered originally, it may well have been (more than likely) balanced better than the average motor by the factory.
                      Well, it looks like I may have to make due with a GE industrial motor for now anyway. I heard that these grinder had very high grade balancing done on their motors in the past, I just don't know how well that relates to more modern motors. I guess I will find out.
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                      • #12
                        Originally posted by engineerd3d View Post
                        Well, it looks like I may have to make due with a GE industrial motor for now anyway. I heard that these grinder had very high grade balancing done on their motors in the past, I just don't know how well that relates to more modern motors. I guess I will find out.
                        Wouldn't hurt to check with a local motor shop or possibly a automotive machine shop to see what it would cost to balance the armature to a higher degree. A common industrial motor is not often used in a application that is so extremely sensitive to vibration as a surface grinder so I wouldn't expect the balancing to be as "precise"

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                        • #13
                          I don't know what brand of motors originally came on the MG 612 grinders. Mine has a Hoover (yes the same company that makes the vacuum cleaners). I believe it could be the original motor in that it was built at the Kingston Conley plant in New Jersey. This plant was acquired by Hoover in 1945 and sold to Rockwell in 1956. The plant primarily built grinders for Stanley, Walker-Turner, and Wissota. They also sold motors to other manufacturers for metal and woodworking equipment.

                          http://vintagemachinery.org/mfgindex...l.aspx?id=1993

                          Given that Hoover only made these motors from 1945 to 1956 and they were primarily built for grinders, and my machine dates to the mid 1950's I believe it is the original motor. My motor looks similar to this but in considerably better condition:

                          http://i.ebayimg.com/00/s/NjAwWDgwMA...WLAqq/$_35.JPG

                          This one is a 1 hp model.

                          As for a belt, the older models used a flat belt and pulley system. The later ones use a standard V belt. Over the years Sanford changed the flat belt and pulley design several times. At some point in time they stopped making and selling flat belts and pulleys. They made a kit to convert the older flat belt models to the V belt design.

                          The belt tension is somewhat different than on most modern machines. Here's a quote from the instruction manual.

                          "Belt tension should be such that the belt between pulleys can be compressed to within 1 inch of touching. This is rather loose, and should be so."
                          Last edited by projectnut; 05-25-2017, 01:24 PM.

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                          • #14
                            Mine has a v-belt pulley on the back of the spindle, but the pulley is loose and probably not the original one. I was thinking of using an automotive style belt on my machine as they seam to have very nice flexibility as well as a better balance job than vee belts. I figured I would turn a couple of pulleys for this grinder and see where that takes me.
                            12x16" Delta 3d printer (Built from scratch)
                            Logan 825 - work in progress
                            My Blog - http://engineerd3d.ddns.net/
                            Youtube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVY...view_as=public
                            Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/engineerd3d/?hl=en

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                            • #15
                              Dynamic balance of the armature is only a part of a single phase motor's vibration signature. They are notorious for torsional vibration and there is no cure for it outside of drastic de-coupling/isolation techniques. You can bet the factory motor was selected with vibration in mind. Off the shelf or used general purpose single phase motors are very likely a bad choice.

                              If the candidate motor motor hums when idling on the workbench, it's unsuited for a tiny surface grinder. The loudest sound you should hear in an otherwise quiet shop is the whir of the motor's cooling fan. Unless you can find a single phase motor that runs exceptionally smooth you should probably plan on using a 3 phase motor/VFD. That is not an expensive option, especially when perfectly good motors are junked every day and fractinoal HP VFDs's are less then $80.
                              Last edited by Forrest Addy; 05-25-2017, 02:21 PM.

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